Polished Concrete Flooring

Concrete pol­ish­ing is fast becom­ing the num­ber one choice in sus­tain­able floor­ing. Because it is com­prised of a bare con­crete slab, typ­i­cal­ly the building’s foun­da­tion is cho­sen that adds a cost sav­ings over tile or wood. The final prod­uct often looks sim­i­lar to a pol­ished stone such as gran­ite or slate. Advantages of pol­ished con­crete include low­er main­te­nance, supe­ri­or dura­bil­i­ty and unlike car­pet, pol­ished con­crete is aller­gen free.

How it’s done

Transforming a build­ings foun­da­tion into a high per­for­mance, aes­thet­i­cal­ly pleas­ing floor, involves exper­tise as well as spe­cial­ized pol­ish­ing machines, equipped with dia­mond-impreg­nat­ed discs. The process itself is sim­i­lar to sand­ing wood. Initially the grind­ing is done to remove dirt or coat­ings from the con­crete. Once the paste is off, addi­tion­al grind­ing is done using fin­er grit dia­monds to refine the rough floor to a flat, lev­el sur­face which ensures a con­sis­tent pol­ish. Lastly, the high­er grit resin dia­monds are used to pro­gres­sive­ly bring the floor to a durable, high-gloss (or low-gloss if you pre­fer) fin­ish. Products like den­si­fi­er are added to increase the strength and abra­sion resis­tance of the floor. They are applied at var­i­ous grits depend­ing on the desired fin­ish, poros­i­ty and hard­ness of the con­crete. An expe­ri­enced installer will be able to deter­mine the inter­vals to apply the den­si­fi­er, usu­al­ly between 100–400 dia­mond grit pol­ish­ing stage. Once the desired fin­ish and sheen lev­el have been pro­duced, it’s time to add a pen­e­trat­ing seal­er. The pen­e­trat­ing seal­er will act as a stain shield and give added pro­tec­tion to the fin­ish of your floor.

Maintaining your polished concrete floor

A good main­te­nance rou­tine will ensure the longevi­ty of the floor… An improp­er­ly main­tained floor will dete­ri­o­rate quick­ly. Luckily, one of the main ben­e­fits of a pol­ished con­crete floor is low main­te­nance.

To keep your floor look­ing its best, sweep and mop or auto-scrub dai­ly to week­ly, as nec­es­sary depend­ing on foot traf­fic, spillage and soil. Mopping should be done with water and a PH neu­tral soap. A den­si­fi­er based clean­er, designed specif­i­cal­ly for con­crete may be used to main­tain sheen and strength­en the floor over time. Most impor­tant­ly, avoid harsh clean­ers or chem­i­cals, as they will dam­age your floor.

Waxing is not rec­om­mend­ed and will actu­al­ly make the floor more dif­fi­cult to main­tain. Embedded soil and wax dete­ri­o­ra­tion will affect the nat­ur­al shine of the pol­ish, result­ing in a dingy appear­ance.

Resealing and bur­nish­ing pol­ished floors is an inex­pen­sive way to main­tain the appear­ance and longevi­ty of a floor. The occa­sion­al reap­pli­ca­tion of the seal­er will help ensure floor pro­tec­tion and stain resis­tance. The fre­quen­cy will depend on the set­ting and amount of traf­fic your floor receives.

Concrete floors are an inex­pen­sive, beau­ti­ful and long-last­ing solu­tion for both res­i­den­tial and com­mer­cial appli­ca­tions. If done cor­rect­ly, it can add val­ue and appeal to near­ly any space. It’s hard to find a more durable solu­tion, yet it can be used for inte­ri­or liv­ing spaces as eas­i­ly as for indus­tri­al uses. With a lit­tle upkeep, you can keep your con­crete floor look­ing like new for decades, out­last­ing vir­tu­al­ly any oth­er type of floor­ing avail­able!